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Pathology is the medical specialty that deals with the study of diseases, their causes, mechanisms, and effects on the human body. It plays a crucial role in diagnosing diseases and guiding treatment decisions.

pathology is an essential field in medicine, providing valuable insights into disease processes, aiding in accurate diagnoses, and helping to improve patient outcomes through evidence-based medicine.

Branches of Pathology:

Pathology is a broad field that can be divided into several sub-specialties, including:

Anatomic Pathology:

This branch deals with the examination of tissues, organs, and cells to diagnose diseases, assess the extent of disease, and provide insights into the underlying mechanisms. It includes surgical pathology, cytopathology, and autopsy pathology.

Clinical Pathology:

Also known as laboratory medicine or clinical laboratory sciences, this branch focuses on the analysis of body fluids, such as blood, urine, and other specimens, to diagnose diseases, monitor treatment effectiveness, and assess overall health.